Last week one of my informants sent me an article headlined "US: 4 Indian-Americans charged with H-1B fraud".
Since I had written a blog post a few days earlier involving five Indian-Americans in a case of H-1B fraud, my initial assumption was that the headline writer simply had the wrong number of culprits.
It turned out, however, that the five earlier ones were in Virginia, while the four current ones were in California. Two completely separate cases, but with many of the same characteristics:
- Both centered around an Indian-American and his wife;
- Both involved the rent-a-programmer business (aka Indian outsourcing companies);
- Both involved phony, small corporations as the "employers" of the H-1Bs;
- Both involved a totally or almost totally Indian work force;
- Both were at the fringes of the IT sector;
- Both falsified innumerable government applications;
- Both were accused of not paying, as they should, H-1Bs who were benched, i.e., temporarily without an employer; and
- Both apparently, though this is less clear, charged the workers for obtaining the H-1B status, which is totally against the law. (This is standard in these cases.)
You might say that a pattern is emerging, one that should have tipped off the authorities years before they began investigating these cases.
But when thinking about using such patterns in law enforcement, there is an understandable concern that I share about ethnic profiling — think of the white cop in Alabama stopping only African American drivers for traffic infractions.
With that in mind, a government official might think twice before calling for special attention to H-1B applications seeking people from India, with all the corporate signatures being Indian names, and all the corporations being unknown to that officer. Such a review would have shown red flags in both the Virginia and California cases described above. That obviously did not happen.
There is a way around the profiling hesitations, however, which requires only the most basic of computer skills, and what should be open records (at least open to other government officials). Why don't those handling H-1B applications check the names of all the apparently small corporations with the IRS list of those paying the Federal Unemployment Tax Act (FUTA) tax; this would show all companies that have paid at least $7,000 to one or more workers; at the same time, check to see if the corporation has a website and/or a phone number. Further one could check the firm against the list of employers who have, as they should, taken out workers' compensation insurance. (The latter would be a state, as opposed to federal, set of records.)
If a would-be employer of H-1Bs did not show up on any of these checks, or only on one or two of them, then further investigation would be warranted and none of this activity could be called racial profiling.
A Shout-Out to the Big Indian Outsourcing Companies. These criminal H-1B employers are taking away H-1B slots from you, the Cognizants and Tatas of the world! To further fatten your profits, you should do something about it!
Why don't you use a tiny portion of your (frankly ill-gotten) gains from the H-1B program to create software programs along the lines just suggested, for at least the states with large numbers of H-1B workers, and give that software to the feds.
That act (if the software were used) would reduce the competition for H-1B slots in the annual lottery and perhaps produce a bit of good PR for your firm.
There is, of course, is a bit of tongue-in-cheekiness about this suggestion. But a somewhat similar tactic could be used by unemployed citizen programmers who have lost their jobs to H-1B workers, as at Walt Disney, Southern California Edison, and so many other businesses; they, or other activists, could start such process by using the myvisajobs.com website to look for suspect small firms using the cross-checks mentioned. This would not give the ex-Disney workers their jobs back, but it would help cut back on the all-too-many abuses in H-1B, and produce negative publicity for the whole program. It would also be a socially useful sort of protest by the laid-off programmers.
I am certain that at least some H-1B fraud would be brought to light in this manner.
A Lesson from the California Case. In the case against the couple in California, Venkat and Sunitha Guntipally, the complaint (in PACER case 5-16-cr-00189-LHK) suggested something that I should have thought about before, as to the size of the phony firms applying for H-1Bs.
The couple deliberately used many small firms, instead of a couple of mid-sized ones, as they fraudulently filed some 100 H-1B applications. If a firm has fewer than 50 workers the fee is $4,000 less than it would be if the firm has both the 50 workers and if more than half of them are H-1Bs. Hence, more non-existent companies were formed — and the more of them there are, the more likely they would show up in the checking process just described.