On Monday, the Ecuadorian mission in Washington D.C. delivered a letter signed by nine Latin American foreign ministers expressing their concern about the negative effects of U.S. immigration policy across the region.
The letter, addressed to Secretary of State John Kerry, solicited the United States to evaluate the Cuban Adjustment Act and the "wet foot, dry foot" policy, which encourages illegal Cuban migration the United States.
The letter was signed by Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, and Peru.
The foreign ministers explain in the letter that: "The 1966 U.S. Public Law 89-732 known as the 'Cuban Adjustment Act' and the policy commonly known as the 'wet foot, dry foot policy' have encouraged a disorderly, irregular, and unsafe flow of Cubans who, risking their lives, pass through our countries in order to reach the U.S."
They add that: "Cuban citizens risk their lives, on a daily basis, seeking to reach the United States. These people, often facing situations of extreme vulnerability, fall victim to mafias dedicated to people trafficking, sexual exploitation and collective assaults. This situation has generated a migratory crisis that is affecting our countries."
The signatories note that in order to tackle the "migratory crisis" the ''main cause of the current situation" must be addressed. They identify the revision of the Cuban Adjustment Act and the wet foot, dry foot policy as a first step, which would then lead to "a final agreement to ensure orderly and regular migration in our region."
To conclude the letter, the dignitaries call Secretary Kerry to attend a high level meeting to review this issue.
The concerns expressed in the letter have been better addressed in statements made by some of the signatories. During a press conference Ecuador's foreign minister said the following: "From Quito, Ecuador we make a call to put an end to this outdated, anachronistic, and I would say even say hackneyed, 'wet foot, dry foot policy, the discriminatory U.S. policy towards Cuba, and the double standard in the treatment that is given to Cuba and the treatment that is given to other countries in Latin America." Another example comes from Costa Rica's Foreign Minister, during an interview he explained, "We don't disregard the humanitarian perspective...But this has cost us millions of dollars – and millions of dollars that we don't have available. Our people are claiming how is it possible that you don't invest in your own people and you spend millions of dollars on handling migrants?"
These concerns and frustrations are the result of the growing flow of illegal Cuban migration through the region. As the letter to Secretary Kerry and the previous comments show, the current policies are no longer relevant and carry significant costs for Latin America. Moreover, these polices also create a cost for the United States. At the beginning of this year the United States pledged $ 1 million dollars to help provide aid to Cubans in Costa Rica, as they waited to be airlifted to the U.S.-Mexico border – to then take advantage of the wet foot, dry foot policy and cross into the United States. Additionally, Cuban nationals, as presumed refugees, are granted immediate access on arrival to a variety of federal welfare benefits: TANF (cash welfare), SNAP (food stamps), and Medicaid. Cubans are also issued a work permit and a Social Security number.
Unfortunately, the Obama administration has made it clear that it has no plans to change the current policies regarding Cuban immigration.