Immigration Reading List, 7/15/10

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House testimony on immigration reform
2. DHS report on nonimmigrant population statistics
3. Latest issues of DOJ EOIR Immigration Law Advisor
4. CRS reports on the role of the military in securing the borders
5. GAO reports on passport and border crossing card security
6. Federal Reserve Board report on migration policy in a recession
7. Canada: Population statistics
8. Australia: Population statistics



New report from FAIR
10. State and Local Legislation Bulletin
11. Two new reports from TRAC
12. Three new reports and features from the Migration Policy Institute
13. New report from the Institute for the Study of Labor
14. Two new reports the National Bureau of Economic Research
15. Fifteen new papers from the Social Science Research Network
16. Gallup report on Americans' attitudes toward immigration
17. New report from the German Marshall Fund
18. Six new items from the Immigration Professors' Blog
19. Migration News Sheet Summary July 2010
20. Two new publications from the International Organization for Migration
21. Two OECD reports on international migration outlook and global worker flows
22. New report from Toronto Immigrant Employment Data Initiative
23. "What the World thinks of Canada: Canada and the World in 2010"
24. "Educational Progress and Parenting Among Mexican Immigrant Mothers of Young Children"
25. U.K.: Ethnic Population Projections for the U.K. and Local Areas, 2001-2051
26. "Imported Malaria in Children: A Comparative Study..."
27. "Using an Intersectional Approach to Study Immigration Attitudes"
28. "Social support and health: immigrants' and refugees' perspectives"
29. "Migration Decisions Within Dual-Earner Partnerships: A Test of Bargaining Theory"
30. "Exploring the Transnational Ties That Bind in New Immigrant Communities"
31. U.K.: Racial Violence: The Buried Issue
32. "Tough, Fair, and Practical"



New York Immigrant Experience: A Guided Tour Through History
34. Reflections on the Revolution In Europe: Immigration, Islam and the West
35. International Migration in the Age of Crisis and Globalization:
36. The Diversity Paradox: Immigration and the Color Line in 21st Century America
37. Asylum, Migration and Community
38. Illegal: Life and Death in Arizona's Immigration War Zone
39. The Passport in America: The History of a Document
40. The Immigration Battle in American Courts



Georgetown Immigration Law Journal
42. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
43. Migration News
45. Rural Migration News
46. Studi Emigrazione
47. The Social Contract

Hearing on the Executive Office for Immigration Review

House Committee on the Judiciary
Subcommittee on Immigration, Citizenship, Refugees, Border Security, and International Law
Wednesday, July 14, 2010

Witness Testimony

Richard D. Land, President
Ethics and Religious Liberty Committee of the Southern Baptist Convention
Washington, D.C.

Gerald F. Kicanas, D.D., Bishop
Archdiocese of Tucson, Arizona; and
Vice-President of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops
Tucson, AZ

Mathew D. Staver, Founder and Chairman
Liberty Counsel; and
Dean and Professor of Law
Liberty University School of Law
Lynchburg, PA

James R. Edwards, Jr., Fellow
Center for Immigration Studies
Washington, D.C.


Estimates of the Resident Nonimmigrant Population in the United States: 2008
By Bryan C. Baker
Populaton Estimates, June 2010
DHS Office of Immigration Statistics…


Immigration Law Advisor
Executive Office for Immigration Review

Recent Developments in Gang-Related Asylum Claims Based on Membership in a Particular Social Group
By Angela Munro
Vol. 4 No. 6, June 2010

Expert Witnesses in Immigration Proceedings
By Garry Malphrus
Vol. 4 No. 5, May 2010

Alternatives to Detention and Immigration Judges’ Bond Jurisdiction: Considering
Matter of Aguilar-Aquino and Matter of Garcia-Garcia
By Sarah Byrd
Vol. 4 No. 4, April 2010



Securing America's Borders: The Role of the Military
By R. Chuck Mason
CRS Report for Congress, June 16, 2010


New from the General Accountability Office

Improvements in the Department of State’s Development Process Could Increase the Security of Passport
Cards and Border Crossing Cards
Government Accountability Office, GAO-10-589, June 1, 2010
Report -
Summary -


Manning the Gates: Migration Policy in the Great Recession
By Mike Nicholson and Pia Orrenius
Economic Letter, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas
Vol. 5, No. 5, June 2010


Canada's population estimates
First quarter 2010
Statistics Canada, June 28, 2010


Population growth: past, present and future
Australian Bureau of Statistics, June 2010…


The Fiscal Burden of Illegal Immigration on United States Taxpayers
By Jack Martin and Eric A. Ruark
Federation for American Immigration Reform, July 2010


State and Local Legislation Bulletin
Immigration Reform Law Institute
Issue 36, June 2010


Fremont, Nebraska Passes Ordinance Barring Hiring and Renting to Illegal Aliens

State Higher Education Bodies in Georgia and North Carolina Move to Restrict College Study by Illegal Aliens

Two Pennsylvania Bills Target Employers

Tennessee Legislation Requiring Status Verification in Jails Enacted

Numerous Sanctuary-Type Measures Introduced by New York Legislator

IRLI Footnote on the Law: Ninth Circuit Upholds Redondo Beach Day Labor Ordinance


New from the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse, Syracuse University

Immigration Enforcement Under Obama Returns to Highs of Bush Era
July 2010

Immigration Prosecutions Once More on the Rise
June 2010


New from the Migration Policy Institute

DREAM vs. Reality:
An Analysis of Potential DREAM Act Beneficiaries
By Jeanne Batalova and Margie McHugh
Migration Policy Institute, July 2010

Nigeria: Multiple Forms of Mobility in Africa's Demographic Giant
By Blessing U. Mberu and Roland Pongou
Migration Information Source, June 2010

Jamaica: From Diverse Beginning to Diaspora in the Developed World
By Alex Glennie and Laura Chappell
Institute for Public Policy Research
Migration Information Source, June 2010


New from the Institute for the Study of Labor

Crime and Immigration: Evidence from Large Immigrant Waves
By Brian Bell, Stephen Machin, and Francesco Fasani
IZA Discussion Paper No. 4996, June 2010


New from the National Bureau of Economic Research

America's settling down: How Better Jobs and Falling Immigration led to a Rise in Marriage, 1880–1930
By Tomas Cvrcek
NBER Working Paper No. 16161, July 2010

Health and Health Insurance Trajectories of Mexicans in the US
By Neeraj Kaushal and Robert Kaestner
NBER Working Paper No. 16139, June 2010


New from the Social Science Research Network

Conflicting Signals: Understanding US Immigration Reform Through the Evolution of US Immigration Law
By Jill E. Family
Widener University School of Law, 2010

Immigration Regimes and Schooling Regimes: Which Countries Promote Successful Immigrant Incorporation?
By Jennifer Hochschild and Porsha Cropper
November 30, 2009

Defining Family in Immigration Law: Accounting for Non-Traditional Families in Citizenship by Descent
By Victoria Degtyareva
Yale University Law School, 2010

(Unfair) Advantage: Damocles’ Sword and the Coercive Use of Immigration Status in a Civil Society
By David P. Weber
Creighton University School of Law, July 8, 2010

The Dual Purposes of the U Visa Thwarted in a Legislative Duel
By Jamie R. Abrams
American University Washington College of Law, 2010

International Migration at a Crossroads: Will Demography Change Politics Before Politics Impedes Demographic Change?
By Jennifer Hochschild
Harvard University, June 21, 2010

Book Review: Illegal People: How Globalization Creates Migration and Criminalizes Immigrants
By Keith Cunningham-Parmeter
Willamette University College of Law
Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Vol. 63, No. 2, 2010

Status as Punishment: A Critical Guide to Padilla v. Kentucky
By Gabriel J. Chin and Margaret Colgate Love
Criminal Justice, Forthcoming
Arizona Legal Studies Discussion Paper No. 10-21

Brain Drain Taxation as Development Policy
By Yariv Brauner
University of Florida Levin College of Law
St. Louis University Law Journal, Forthcoming
University of Florida Levin College of Law Research Paper, July 2010

When Others Get Too Close: Immigrants, Class, and the Health Care Debate
By Janet L. Dolgin, Hofstra University School of Law and Katherine Rouse Dieterich
Cornell Journal of Law and Public Policy, Vol. 19, No. 2, 2010

Building Capacity for the Transnational Regulation of Migration
By Cristina Rodriguez
New York University School of Law
Columbia Law Review Sidebar, Vol. 110, February 2010

From the Right to Asylum to Migration Management: The Legal-Political Construction of 'A Refugee' in the Post-Communist Czech Republic
By Alice Szczepanikova
Institute for the Analysis of Society and Politics, J.W. Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main
Europe-Asia Studies, 2010

Permanent, Seasonal Migration, Remittances and Other Income Sources in Source Communities: Evidence from the Rural Areas of the Kyrgyz Republic
By Aziz Atamanov
Maastricht Graduate School of Governance, and
Marrit Van den Berg
Wageningen University Development Economics
June 24, 2010

Remittances and Household Welfare: A Case Study of Pakistan
By Vaqar Ahmed, Guntur Sugiyarto, and Shikha Jha
Asian Development Bank Economics Working Paper Series No. 194, February 2010

Financial Constraints, Endogenous Educational Choices and Self-Selection of Migrants
By Juliano J. Assunção, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio) - Department of Economics and Leandro Carvalho
RAND Working Paper Series WR- 758, May 15, 2010


Americans Closely Divided Over Immigration Reform Priority
Most Republicans would halt flow; majority of Democrats would address current immigrants
By Lydia Saad, July 6, 2010…


New from the German Marshall Fund

Irregular Migration at Two Borders: The Turkish-EU and Mexican-U.S. Cases.
By Ahmet Içduygu and Deniz Sert
Immigration Paper Series 2010…


New from the Immigration Prof Blog

What's the Cost of Educating Children of the Undocumented?
By Mary Ann Zehr
Education Week, July 7, 2010…

U visas can help illegal immigrant crime victims go to the cops
By Chelsea Phua
The Sacramento Bee, July 5, 2010…

Local Policing, Local Communities, and Immigration
Arizona State University, June 2010

Reforming America’s Immigration Laws: A Woman’s Struggle
By Kavitha Sreeharsha
Immigration Policy Center
American Immigration Council
Special Report, June 2010…

Secure Communities: An Overview
By Michael Wu…

Immigration Enforcement and its Impact on Latino Children in the State of Georgia
By Elise Sandra Shore
Sapelo Foundation White Paper, June 22, 2010


Migration News Sheet Summary July 2010
Migration Policy Group


New from the International Organization for Migration

Haiti, Six Months After
Migration, Summer 2010

Migration Initiatives Appeal 2010
March 2010…


New from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

International Migration Outlook 2010
Organization for Economic Progress and Development, July 2010,3343,en_2649_37415_45623194_1_1_1_1,0…

Institutional Determinants of Worker Flows: A Cross-Country/Crossindustry Approach
By Andrea Bassanini, Andrea Garnero, Pascal Marianna, and Sebastien Martin
OECD Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs, July 2010


Toronto Immigrant Employment Data Initiative

How Does Immigration Class Affect Immigrants’ Experiences With Credential Recognition?
By Jelena Zikic, Nina Damsbaek, Mai Phan, Philip Kelly, Maryse Lemoine, Tony Fang, Valerie Preston, and Steven Tufts
June 2010


What the World thinks of Canada: Canada and the World in 2010
Immigration & Diversity
Dominion Institute, June 22, 2010…


Educational Progress and Parenting Among Mexican Immigrant Mothers of Young Children
By Robert Crosnoe and Ariel Kalil
Journal of Marriage and Family, Vol. 72, No. 4, August 2010…


Ethnic Population Projections for the U.K. and Local Areas, 2001-2051
By Pia Wohland, Phil Rees, Paul Norman, Peter Boden, and Martyna Jasinska
School of Geography, University of Leeds, July 2010…


Imported Malaria in Children: A Comparative Study Between Recent Immigrants and Immigrant Travelers (VFRs)
By Juan Arnaez, Miguel Roa, Leticia Albert, Rosario Cogollos, Jose Rubio, Rebeca Villares, Abdulkareem Alarabe, Aurea Cervera, and Rogelio Lopez-Velez
Journal of Travel Medicine, Vol. 17, No. 4, July/August 2010…


Race, Class, Gender, and Social Space: Using an Intersectional Approach to Study Immigration Attitudes
By Justin Allen Berg
The Sociological Quarterly, Vol. 51, No. 2, Spring 2010…


Social support and health: immigrants' and refugees' perspectives
By Miriam J. Stewart, Edward Makwarimba, Morton Beiser, Anne Neufeld, Laura Simich, and Denise Spitzer
Diversity in Health and Care, Vol. 7, No. 2, June 2010…


Migration Decisions Within Dual-Earner Partnerships: A Test of Bargaining Theory
By Martin Abraham, Katrin Auspurg, and Thomas Hinz
Journal of Marriage and Family, Vol. 72, No. 4, August 2010…


Localizing the Global: Exploring the Transnational Ties That Bind in New Immigrant Communities
By Wan-Ying Lin, Hayeon Song, and Sandra Ball-Rokeach
Journal of Communication, Vol. 60, No. 2, June 2010


Racial Violence: The Buried Issue
By Harmit Athwal, Jenny Bourne and Rebecca Wood
Institute of Race Relations Briefing Paper No.6, March 2010


Tough, Fair, and Practical
A Human Rights Framework for Immigration Reform in the United States
Human Rights Watch, July 2010…


New York Immigrant Experience: A Guided Tour Through History
By Randi Minetor

GPP Travel, 128 pp.

Paperback, ISBN: 0762757434, $12.44

Book Description: Unique among historical guides to New York City, this book covers separate waves of immigration from colonial times to the mid-nineteenth-century Irish Potato Famine, from Ellis Island—which, between 1892 and 1954, processed some twelve million newcomers—to the present day, and it ties this history to various sites in the city.


Reflections on the Revolution In Europe: Immigration, Islam and the West
By Christopher Caldwell

Anchor, 432 pp.

Hardcover, ISBN: 0385518269, $19.80

Paperback, ISBN: 0307276759, $11.53, 384 pp.

Book Description: Christopher Caldwell has been reporting on the politics and culture of Islam in Europe for more than a decade. His deeply researched and insightful new book reveals a paradox. Since World War II, mass immigration has been made possible by Europe’s enforcement of secularism, tolerance, and equality. But when immigrants arrive, they are not required to adopt those values. And they are disinclined to, since they already have values of their own. Muslims dominate or nearly dominate important European cities, including Amsterdam and Rotterdam, Strasbourg and Marseille, the Paris suburbs and East London. Islam has challenged the European way of life at every turn, becoming, in effect, an “adversary culture.”

The result? In Reflections on the Revolution in Europe, Caldwell reveals the anger of natives and newcomers alike. He describes guest worker programs that far outlasted their economic justifications, and asylum policies that have served illegal immigrants better than refugees. He exposes the strange ways in which welfare states interact with Third World customs, the anti-Americanism that brings European natives and Muslim newcomers together, and the arguments over women and sex that drive them apart. He considers the appeal of sharia, “resistance,” and jihad to a second generation that is more alienated from Europe than the first, and addresses a crisis of faith among native Europeans that leaves them with a weak hand as they confront the claims of newcomers.

As increasingly assertive immigrant populations shape the continent, Caldwell writes, the foundations of European culture and civilization are being challenged and replaced. Reflections on the Revolution in Europe is destined to become the classic work on how Muslim immigration permanently reshaped the West.


International Migration in the Age of Crisis and Globalization: Historical and Recent Experiences
By Andrés Solimano

Cambridge University Press, 240 pp.

Hardcover, ISBN: 0521194253, $85.00

Paperback, ISBN: 0521142482, $26.99

Book Description: The international mobility of people and elites is a main feature of the global economy of today and yesterday. Immigration augments the labor force in receiving countries and provides many of the bodies and minds that are essential to any vibrant economy. Talented people are critical to the transfer of knowledge, ideas, fresh capital, contacts, and entrepreneurial capacities. This book is based on a blend of theory, varied country examples, and rich historical material ranging from the mid-nineteenth century to the early twenty-first century. It discusses the conceptual underpinnings of the push and pull factors of current migration waves and their impacts for development on the source and receiving countries. The analysis reviews the historical context under which various migration experiences have taken place - both in periods of internationalism and in periods of nationalism - in order to contribute to debates on the desirability of and tensions and costs involved in the current process of international migration and globalization. These issues are relevant during both times of economic slumps and times of economic growth.


The Diversity Paradox: Immigration and the Color Line in Twenty-First Century America
By Jennifer Lee and Frank D. Bean

Russell Sage Foundation Publications, 234 pp.

Hardcover, ISBN: 087154041X, $24.75

Book Description: The Diversity Paradox uses population-based analyses and in-depth interviews to examine patterns of intermarriage and multiracial identification among Asians, Latinos, and African Americans. Lee and Bean analyze where the color line—and the economic and social advantage it demarcates—is drawn today and on what side these new arrivals fall. They show that Asians and Latinos with mixed ancestry are not constrained by strict racial categories. Racial status often shifts according to situation. Individuals can choose to identify along ethnic lines or as white, and their decisions are rarely questioned by outsiders or institutions. These groups also intermarry at higher rates, which is viewed as part of the process of becoming “American” and a form of upward social mobility. African Americans, in contrast, intermarry at significantly lower rates than Asians and Latinos. Further, multiracial blacks often choose not to identify as such and are typically perceived as being black only—underscoring the stigma attached to being African American and the entrenchment of the “one-drop” rule. Asians and Latinos are successfully disengaging their national origins from the concept of race—like European immigrants before them—and these patterns are most evident in racially diverse parts of the country.


Asylum, Migration and Community
By Maggie O'Neill

Policy Press, 256 pp.

Hardcover, ISBN: 1847422233, $89.95

Paperback, ISBN: 1847422225, $39.95

Book Description: Issues of asylum, migration, humanitarian protection and integration/belonging are of growing interest beyond the disciplinary areas of refugee studies, migration, and social policy. Rooted in more than two decades of scholarship, this book uses critical social theory and participatory, biographical and arts based methods with asylum seekers, refugees and emerging communities to explore the dynamics of the asylum-migration-community nexus. It argues that inter-disciplinary analysis is required to deal with the complexity of the issues involved and offers understanding as praxis (purposeful knowledge), drawing upon innovative participatory, arts based, performative and policy relevant research.


Illegal: Life and Death in Arizona's Immigration War Zone
By Terry Greene Sterling

Lyons Press, 256 pp.

Paperback, ISBN: 1599218615, $11.53

Book Description: From a deadly border to America's kidnapping capital—the secret lives at the heart of the immigration controversy

Arizona’s violent border is the busiest gateway for illegal immigration in America, making Arizona Ground Zero for the immigration debate. No state is as hostile to the undocumented, and no city is as unwelcoming as Phoenix. Yet Phoenix is home to thousands who live in the shadows, where civil rights are neglected and lives are lost.

Illegal sheds light on the invisible immigrants who persevere despite kidnappings and drug wars, an ongoing recession, and laws barring them from working, learning, and driving. By profiling these undocumented people, and those—like notorious Sheriff Joe Arpaio—who persecute them, author Terry Greene Sterling courageously reveals the changing face of immigration in America and gives new insight into a divisive national crisis.


The Passport in America: The History of a Document
By Craig Robertson

Oxford University Press, 352 pp.

Hardcover, ISBN: 0199733422, $20.12

Book Description: In today's world of constant identification checks, it's difficult to recall that there was ever a time when "proof of identity" was not a part of everyday life. And as anyone knows who has ever lost a passport, or let one expire on the eve of international travel, the passport has become an indispensable document. But how and why did this form of identification take on such a crucial role?
In the first history of the passport in the United States, Craig Robertson offers an illuminating account of how this document, above all others, came to be considered a reliable answer to the question: who are you? Historically, the passport originated as an official letter of introduction addressed to foreign governments on behalf of American travelers, but as Robertson shows, it became entangled in contemporary negotiations over citizenship and other forms of identity documentation. Prior to World War I, passports were not required to cross American borders, and while some people struggled to understand how a passport could accurately identify a person, others took advantage of this new document to advance claims for citizenship. From the strategic use of passport applications by freed slaves and a campaign to allow married women to get passports in their maiden names, to the "passport nuisance" of the 1920s and the contested addition of photographs and other identification technologies on the passport, Robertson sheds new light on issues of individual and national identity in modern U.S. history.
In this age of heightened security, especially at international borders, Robertson's The Passport in America provides anyone interested in questions of identification and surveillance with a richly detailed, and often surprising, history of this uniquely important document.


The Immigration Battle in American Courts
By Anna O. Law

Cambridge University Press, 280 pp.

Hardcover, ISBN: 0521767083, $90.00

Book Description: This book assesses the role of the federal judiciary in immigration and the institutional evolution of the Supreme Court and the US Courts of Appeals. Neither court has played a static role across time. By the turn of the century, a division of labor had developed between the two courts whereby the Courts of Appeals retained their original function as error-correction courts, while the Supreme Court was reserved for the most important policy and political questions. Law explores the consequences of this division for immigrant litigants, who are more likely to prevail in the Courts of Appeals because of advantageous institutional incentives that increase the likelihood of a favorable outcome. As this book proves, it is inaccurate to speak of an undifferentiated institution called 'the federal courts' or 'the courts', for such characterizations elide important differences in mission and function of the two highest courts in the federal judicial hierarchy.

* Assesses two levels of the federal judiciary over time, drawing distinctions between the Supreme Court and US Courts of Appeals on multiple dimensions, instead of studying one institution at a time

* Makes use of multidisciplinary and multiple research methodologies in constructing its arguments including: doctrinal analysis, textual analysis, multi-variate cross-tabulations, and interviews with Courts of Appeals judges and staff

* Constructs an institutionally based argument while being mindful of the doctrinal development in this area of law


Georgetown Immigration Law Journal
Volume 24, Issue 1
Fall 2009


Rights, Remedies, and Habeas Corpus—The Uighurs, Legally Free While Actually Imprisoned
By Caprice L. Roberts

Moving Forward: Recommendations on U.S. HIV Immigration Policy
By Katherine Buckel, Casie Copeland, Lydia Desmond, Astrid Dorlien, and John Nader…

Leaving the Doctrine of Consular Absolutism Behind
By Tatyana E. Delgado…

Picking Up After the Baby Boomers: Can Immigrants Carry the Load?
By Evan Nolan…


Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Vol. 36, Issue 7, August 2010


‘You Can't Exactly Act American Here In Israel!’: Identity Negotiations of Transnational North American–Israeli Children and Youth
By Laura I. Sigad and Rivka A. Eisikovits

Immigrant Niches and the Intrametropolitan Spatial Division of Labour
By Richard Wright, Mark Ellis, and Virginia Parks

Struggling for Immigrants' Rights at the Local Level: The Domestic Workers Bill of Rights Initiative in a Suburb of Washington, DC
By Guillermo Cantor

International Employment Agencies and Migrant Flexiwork in an Enlarged European Union
By Roos Pijpers

Forced Displacement, Onward Migration and Reformulations of ‘Home’ by Chagossians in Crawley, UK
By Laura Jeffery

The Globalisation of Marriage Fields: The Swedish Case
By Thomas Niedomysl, John Osth, and Maarten van Ham

Forced Migrants, Active Mothers or Desired Wives: Migratory Motivation and Self-Representation in Kosovo Albanian and Russian Women's Biographies
By Minna Saavala

The Formation and Development of the Estonian Diaspora
By Tiit Tammaru, Kaja Kumer-Haukanõmm, and Kristi Anniste

Dwellings in Transnational Lives: A Biographical Perspective on ‘Turkish-Dutch’ Houses in Turkey
By Hilje van der Horst


Vol. 36, Issue 6, July 2010


On the Move: Emotions and Human Mobility
By Maruska Svasek

‘These People Could Be Anyone’: Fear, Contempt (and Empathy) in a British Immigration Removal Centre
By Alexandra Hall

‘Unkind Cuts’: Health Policy and Practice versus the Health and Emotional Well-Being of Asylum-Seekers and Refugees in Ireland
By Katy Radford

Sensuous Multiculturalism: Emotional Landscapes of Inter-Ethnic Living in Australian Suburbia
By Amanda Wise

Gossiping in the Polish Club: An Emotional Coexistence of ‘Old’ and ‘New’ Migrants
By Aleksandra Galasinska

Emotional Ambiguity: Japanese Migrant Women in Mixed Families and their Life Transition
By Naoko Maehara

The Hindi Film's Romance and Tibetan Notions of Harmony: Emotional Attachments and Personal Identity in the Tibetan Diaspora in India
By Timm Lau

The Politics of Hope and Disappointment: Ambivalence in the Post-1989 Homeland-Related Discourses among Hungarians in Australia
By Petra Andits


Migration News
Volume 17 No. 3, July 2010


Arizona, Polls, REPAIR
Arizona enacted a law in April 2010 making it a crime for unauthorized foreigners to be in the state, prompting Senate Democrats to announce a a "framework" for a comprehensive immigration reform bill ahead of demonstrations on May 1, 2010 in cities across the US in support of legalization. Despite the Democrats' proposal being more enforcement-oriented than the comprehensive immigration reform bill approved by the Senate in 2006, Republicans predicted it would be difficult to enact immigration reform in 2010. President Obama seemed to agree, saying: "I want to begin work this year" on immigration reform.

DHS: Border, Interior, USCIS, Data
Some of the expensive projects rushed from lab to field by the Department of Homeland Security to prevent entries over the Mexico-US border have proven to be expensive failures, including the $1.1 billion "virtual fence" partially built by Boeing before being abandoned, radiation detectors from Raytheon that cost $822,000 each and gave too many false alarms, and $30 million worth of "air puffers" at airport screening stations that did not work consistently to detect traces of explosives. Author Faddis argues that DHS spent money on unproved new technologies because it was lobbied by tech firms rather than using low-budget strategies known to work, such as bomb-sniffing dogs.

Labor, H-1B, Education
The US unemployment rate fell from 9.9 percent in April 2010 to 9.7 percent in May 2010 as the economy added 431,000 jobs, including 411,000 temporary Census jobs. More Americans are joining the labor force, helping to explain the high unemployment rate despite job growth. Some 15.3 million US workers were jobless, including 6.8 million who were without work for 27 weeks or more.

Canada, Mexico
Canada plans to admit about 265,000 immigrants in 2010, including 157,000 in the economic stream; 71,000 for family unification; and 37,000 refugees and successful asylum applicants.

South America
In 2008, the US had about 11.4 million Mexican-born residents, followed by 3.4 million born in Caribbean countries, 2.8 million born in Central America, and 2.6 million born in South America.


China: Migrants, Strikes
The Ministry of Agriculture's Research Centre for Rural Economy reported in summer 2010 that the real incomes of rural households rose 15 percent in 2009, reflecting rising demand for labor in both rural and urban areas and slower labor force growth. By some measures, nominal rural incomes doubled between 2003 and 2009. The Ministry estimated the number of rural-urban migrants at 152 million in Fall 2009, up slightly from 151 million in summer 2009.

Japan, Korea
Japan's population of 127 million has been stable since 2000; there were about 2.2 million foreigners in Japan in 2008, up from 1.7 million in 2000. The foreigners living in Japan included 655,000 Chinese; 589,000 Koreans; 313,000 Brazilians; and 211,000 Filipinos.

Southeast Asia
Thailand. The Thai government continued its efforts to legalize up to two million migrant workers from neighboring Burma, Cambodia, and Laos in 2010. Since the early 1990s, the government periodically allowed Thai employers to register the unauthorized migrants they employed by paying fees equivalent to about a month's wages (employers usually paid the fees and deducted them from migrant wages) for renewable one-year work permits.

South Asia
Bangladesh. The government in May 2010 approved the creation of an Expatriate Welfare Bank to help migrants remit foreign earnings at low cost to Bangladesh and to make loans at a maximum interest rate of 10 percent to Bangladeshis after they obtain contracts for foreign jobs. The loans are to be repaid with foreign earnings remitted via the Expatriate Welfare Bank.

Middle East
Bahrain. About 77 percent of Bahrain's 594,000 workers in March 2010 were migrants from other countries, including 300,000 Indians. Bahrain is considered one of the most progressive Gulf-country employers of migrant workers, and in August 2009 changed its kafala or sponsorship system to make the government rather than the employer the official sponsor of migrants, enabling them to change employers more easily. Human Rights Watch complained in 2010 that some Bahraini employers were continuing to hold their workers' passports to prevent them from leaving the country.


EU: Policy, Internal Migrants
Policy. EU leaders adopted a European pact on immigration and asylum in October 2008, setting out the principles behind a number of EU laws. The goal of the pact is to ensure that legal immigration satisfies the priorities of each EU member-country, such as the Blue Card to attract skilled migrants, encourage the integration of settled immigrants, and remove unauthorized foreigners (the Return Directive).

France, Germany, Benelux
France. President Nicolas Sarkozy's government in May 2010 introduced a bill that would ban full veils known as niqabs, which leave only slits for the eye, and the burqa from public places in France; an estimated 2,000 women wear full veils in public. France has an estimated five million Muslim residents.

Italy, Spain, Greece
Italy. The estimated number of foreigners in Italy almost tripled between 1998 and 2008 from 1.5 million to 4.5 million, eight percent of Italian residents (4.5 million includes at least 500,000 irregular foreigners). The leading countries of origin are Romania, 796,500; Albania, 441,000; Morocco, 404,000; China, 170,300; and Ukraine, 154,000. Half of the foreigners in Italy are from outside the EU.

Russia, Eastern, Northern Europe
Russia. The government enacted a law in May 2010 that would made it easier for highly skilled foreigners earning at least two million rubles ($67,700) a year to work in Russia. Highly skilled foreigners who have health insurance for themselves and their families can receive renewable three year visas; their income is subject to a 13 percent tax.


Australia, New Zealand
Australia, with 22 million residents, admitted 171,318 immigrants in 2008-09, including 114,777 admitted after at least one family member achieved enough points under the point-selection system to be eligible for an immigration visa. A third of Australian immigrants were "onshore" or in the country when they received immigration visas.

South Africa, North, West Africa
South Africa is a country of 50 million that attracts migrants from neighboring countries, including Zimbabwe (population 12 million) and Mozambique (22 million), as well as from countries further afield such as Somalia (nine million) and Congo (70 million). South Africa, with a per capita income of almost $10,000 at PPP, is much richer than other sub-Saharan countries.

Global: Migrants, Remittances, Jobs
The world's GDP was $58 trillion in 2008, and shrank by almost one percent in 2009; the GDP of the OECD countries shrank by 3.3 percent in 2009. The IMF projected that global GDP would expand by four percent in 2010, including three percent in OECD countries. Faster growth in China and other Asian countries is expected to draw foreign investment, while high government debt levels in some OECD countries may lead to austerity programs that slow growth.


Revista Interdisciplinar da Mobilidade Humana
Ano XVIII – No. 34, January-June 2010
Migracao e Identidades


Migration and identities in the globalized world
By Zygmunt Bauman

The notion of identity and its use in the migration studies
By Miriam de Oliveira Santos

Identity, migration and their psychosocial dimensions
By Sylvia Duarte Dantas, Laura Ueno, Gabriela Leifert, and Marcos Suguiura

The politics of social recognition: the contribution of Charles Taylor
By Matteo Sanfilippo

Indigenes, transnational migration and identities. Challenges in the indigenous’ migration from Ecuador to Spain
By Pilar Cruz Zuñiga

The subjectiveness and the subversion of racism: a case study on the Haitians in the Dominican Republic
By Renata de Melo Rosa

Dialogue and identity. Theological-philosophical considerations from the migratory experience
By Agnese Varsalona

The construction of religious identity in the migratory context: the case of the migration to DF/Brazil
By Roberto Marinucci

Negotiated identities: the narration of memories and history of young heirs of the migration in search for (dis)placement
By Carina Santos de Almeida

Migration, identity, interculturation. Thesis and fragments for a theological-pastoral discernment
By Paulo Suess

Religious identity of people on the way
By José Cervantes Gabarrón


Rural Migration News
Volume 16 No. 3, July 2010


AgJOBS and Labor Shortages
Senator Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) re-introduced the Agricultural Job Opportunity Benefits and Security Act (AgJOBS), as S 1038 on May 14, 2009; a companion bill, HR 2414, was introduced in the House. Under the Senate Democrats' framework proposal of April 2010, AgJOBS would be part of comprehensive immigration reform.

The US Department of Labor largely reinstated the 1987-2008 regulations governing farm employer access to H-2A workers on March 15, 2010, reversing the efforts of the outgoing Bush administration to incorporate some of the employer-friendly changes to the H-2A program in AgJOBS. There are a few changes, including a requirement that farm employers post job vacancies for which they seek certification to hire H-2A workers at USAJobs ( However, a June 2010 review found no crop worker, farm worker, or sheepherder jobs posted.

Canada: Unions, Migrants
Unions. The UFCW, with 250,000 members the largest union representing private-sector workers in Canada, has been active in organizing and supporting migrants admitted under the Seasonal Agricultural Workers Program. The union rights of farm workers are regulated at the provincial level, and farm workers are generally excluded from provincial labor relations laws.

Italy, Spain: Migrants
Italy. Italy has about 1.7 million farms, but half are very small, under two hectares (five acres). About 200,000 Italian farms hire 1.1 million workers, including 100,000 year-round workers (20 percent are non-EU nationals) and 900,000 seasonal workers registered with the social security system; up to 300,000 seasonal workers may be unregistered. There are an estimated 700,000 Romanians in Italy, and many are employed in agriculture.


Studi Emigrazione
Vol. XLVII, No. 178, April-June, 2010


Dossier: Migrations and Theology: Current Trends
edited by G.G. Tassello

The religion of migrants: between ghettoizing withdrawals and the possibility of a new social cohesion
By L. Prencipe

Reading the Bible in the context of migrations
By A. Fumagalli

No longer stranger and alien. Theology of migrations in the XXI century
By G. Campese

The contributions of ethics to the management of migration
By G. Battistella

What Mission with Migrants?
By G. Parolin

The organization of the Church in the pastoral care of migrants
By L. Sabbarese

Pastoral theology and migration
By G.G. Tassello

Religious practice in Australia: mutations and implications
By T. Paganoni

Strangers or Italians? The conflict for the Sinti village in Mestre
By C. Mantovan


The Social Contract
Volume 20, No. 3, Spring 2010

Selected articles:

A Note from the Editor - The SPLC: Poisoning Public Discourse
By Wayne Lutton…

The Southern Poverty Law Center - An Introduction
By Peter B. Gemma…

Fighting 'Hate' for Profit and Power: The SPLC's Political Agenda Up Close
By John Vinson…

Cooking the Books on ‘Hate’- A Closer Look at SPLC’s Famous List
By Steven Menzies…

The Church of Morris Dees - How the Southern Poverty Law Center Profits from Intolerance
By Ken Silverstein…

SPLC: America’s Left-Wing Hate Machine
By Jerry Woodruff…

Bashing for Dollars The SPLC’s Predatory Game
By Brenda Walker…

The Hidden Agenda of the SPLC
By Tom Tancredo…

An Expert on Fringe Political Movements Reflects on the SPLC’s Political Agenda - An Exclusive Interview with Author and Researcher Laird Wilcox
By Laird Wilcox…

The Practice of Ritual Defamation - How Values, Opinions, and Beliefs Are Controlled in Democratic Societies
By Laird Wilcox…

The Southern Poverty Law (and Investing) Center - Will SPLC, a Beneficiary of Financial Swindler Bernie Madoff, Return Its Madoff Money?
By Patrick Cleburne…

Good News: SPLC Loses $50 Million; Bad News: SPLC Can Afford It
By Patrick Cleburne…

What’s Behind the Anti-Tea Party Hate Narrative?
By Byron York…

Power, Politics, and the New Proletariat - Race Extortion in the Age of Cultural Marxism
By Michael W. Masters…

Prophet with Honor - The Enduring Relevance of Dr. John Tanton
By Alexander Hart…

How a Rural Ophthalmologist’s Vision Changed Our Lives
By Donald A. Collins and Sarah G. Epstein…

SPLC’s MO: Audacter calumniare semper aliquid haeret (slander boldly, something always sticks)
By John H. Tanton…

Hyping ‘Hate’ - Understanding the Incestuous Relationship between the Mass Media and the SPLC
By Kevin Lamb…