Immigration Reading List, 4/22/10

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Senate testimony on the virtual border fence
2. House testimony on southwest border security
3. House testimony on visa overstays
4. House testimony on U.S. Citizen and Immigration Servs.
5. DHS reports on immigration statistics
6. DHS OIG report on 287(g) agreements
7. Latest two DOJ EOIR Immigration Law Advisor
8. Latest ICE Cornerstone Report
9. Latest issue of CBP magazine, Frontline
10. CRS reports on Haitian migrants, status adjustment, and immigration reform
11. GAO report on immigration and naturalization fees
12. Federal Reserve Board report on low-skilled immigration and youth employment
13. U.K.: Report on immigration removal centre inspection



New reports from FAIR
15. State and Local Legislation Bulletin
16. Three new reports from TRAC
17. "Birthright Citizenship for Children of Illegal Aliens:"
18. "Transforming E-Verify into a Biometric Employment Verification System"
19. "Restore Our Border (ROB) Security Plan"
20. "H-1B Visas by the Numbers: 2010 and Beyond"
21. Six new reports and features from the Migration Policy Institute
22. Two new reports from the Institute for the Study of Labor
23. New report the National Bureau of Economic Research
24. Sixteen new papers from the Social Science Research Network
25. New article from the Immigration Professors' Blog
26. CNN Opinion Research Poll on attitudes toward immigration
27. Six recent working papers from U.S.C. Lusk Center for Real Estate
28. "Immigrant Legalization: Assessing the Labor Market Effects"
29. "Unregulated Work in Chicago"
30. "The New Place of Birth Profile of Los Angeles and Calif. Residents in 2010"
31. "The 287(g) Program"
32. "The Impact of Immigration Enforcement on Child Welfare"
33. "Religion, Values, and Immigration Reform:
34. Three new publications from the Int'l Org. for Migration
35. UNHCR report on asylum levels and trends
36. UN Office on Drugs and Crime report on people smuggling
37. OECD report on migrant education in Denmark
38. Canada: New working paper and research symposium from CERIS
39. Canada: Nine new reports from Toronto Immigrant Employment Data Initiative
40. Canada: Five new Region of Peel immigration discussion papers
41. U.K.: "Exploring the Roots of BNP Support"
42. U.K.: Report on foreign workers in the meat processing sector
43. U.K.: Report on media portrayal of immigrants, refugees, and asylum seekers
44. "Trapped: The Exploitation of Migrant Workers in Malaysia"
45. Australia: Report on supporting international students
46. Migrant Remittances Newsletter
47. "Stateless and Starving"
48. Report on immigrant nursing assistants in U.S. nursing homes
49. "How Much Does Immigration Boost Innovation?"
50. "Journeying Towards Multiculturalism?"



True American: Language, Identity, and the Education of Immigrant Children
52. Seeking Asylum: Human Smuggling and Bureaucracy at the Border
53. Moving Millions: How Coyote Capitalism Fuels Global Immigration
54. Giovanni Marrozzini: Echi-Emigranti Marchigiani in Argentina
55. Citizenship and Immigration
56. Citizenship, Identity and the Politics of Multiculturalism:
57. Immigrants, Literature and National Integration
58. Citizenship Policies in the New Europe
59. Migration to Alberta and the Transformation of Canadian Society
60. Selected Studies in International Migration and Immigrant Incorporation
61. Immigration and Citizenship in Japan
62. Immigration and Self-Government of Minority Nations
63. Weapons of Mass Migration: Forced Displacement, Coercion, and Foreign Policy
64. Managing Ethnic Diversity after 9/11:



Asian Migration News
66. Ethnic and Racial Studies
67. International Migration Review
68. Journal of Refugee Studies
69. Latino Studies
70. Migration News
71. People and Place
72. Rural Migration News
73. The Social Contract

-- Mark Krikorian]

Border Security: Moving Beyond the Virtual Fence

Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs
April 20, 2010…

[Access link for complete testimony]…

Member statements

Senator Joseph I. Lieberman

Senator John McCain

Witness testimony

Alan D. Bersin
Commissioner, U.S. Customs and Border Protection
U.S. Department of Homeland Security

Dennis K. Burke
U.S. Attorney for the District of Arizona
U.S. Department of Justice

Octavio Garcia-Von Borstel, Mayor
City of Nogales, Arizona

Larry A. Dever, Sheriff
County of Cochise, Arizona


Update on Southwest Border: The Challenges that DHS Continues to Face

House Approprations Committee
Subcommittee on Homeland Security
April 14, 2010

Member statement:

Chairman David Price

Witness testimony:

Alan D. Bersin, Commissioner, U.S. Customs and Border Protection…

John Morton, Assistant Secretary, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement…


Visa Overstays: Can They be Eliminated?

Committee on Homeland Security
Thursday, March 25, 2010

Statement of Chairman Bennie G. Thompson

Witness testimony:

Rand Beers, Under Secretary
National Protection and Programs Directorate
Department of Homeland Security

John T. Morton, Assistant Secretary
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement
Department of Homeland Security

Richard L. Skinner, Inspector General
Department of Homeland Security

Edward Alden, Senior Fellow
Council on Foreign Relations


Hearing on United States Citizenship and Immigration Services

House Committee on the Judiciary
Subcommittee on Immigration, Citizenship, Refugees, Border Security, and International Law
Tuesday, March 23, 2010

Witness Testimony

Alejandro Mayorkas, Director
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services
Washington, DC

Frank W. Deffer, Assistant Inspector General for IT Audits
Office of the Inspector General
Department of Homeland Security
Washington, DC

Susan J. Irving, Director, Federal Budget Analysis
U.S. Government Accountability Office
Washington, DC


U.S. Legal Permanent Residents: 2009
By Randall Monger
Annual Flow Report, April 2010
DHS Office of Immigration Statistics…

Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2009
DHS Office of Immigration Statistics

Naturalizations in the United states: 2009
By James Lee
Annual Flow Report, April 2010
DHS Office of Immigration Statistics…


The Performance of 287(g) Agreements
Office of Inspector General, OIG-10-63
U.S. Department of Homeland Security
March 2010


Immigration Law Advisor
Executive Office for Immigration Review
Vol. 4 No. 3, March 2010

Vol. 4 No. 2, February 2010


The Cornerstone Report
Safeguarding America Through Financial Investigations
Volume VII, No. 1, Winter 2010


U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Winter 2010


Immigration Visa Issuances and Grounds for Exclusion: Policy and Trends
U.S. Immigration Policy on Haitian Migrants
By Ruth Ellen Wasem
CRS Report for Congress, March 10, 2010

Alien Legalization and Adjustment of Status: A Primer
By Ruth Ellen Wasem
CRS Report for Congress, February 2, 2010

Immigration Reform Issues in the 111th Congress
By Ruth Ellen Wasem
CRS Report for Congress, February 2, 2010


New from the General Accountability Office

Fee Design Characteristics and Trade-Offs Illustrated by USCIS’s Immigration and Naturalization Fees
Statement of Susan J. Irving, Director, Federal Budget Analysis, Strategic Issues
Government Accountability Office, GAO-10-560T, March 23, 2010
Report -
Highlights -


The Impact of Low-Skilled Immigration on the Youth Labor Market
By Christopher L. Smith
Finance and Economics Discussion Series, March 2010
Divisions of Research & Statistics and Monetary Affairs
Federal Reserve Board, Washington, D.C.


Report on an unannounced full follow-up inspection of Yarl’s Wood Immigration Removal Centre
November 9–13, 2009
By HM Chief Inspector of Prisons…


Amnesty and the American Worker
A look at how illegal immigration has harmed working class Americans and
how amnesty would make matters worse
By Eric Ruark
Federation for American Immigration Reform, March 2010


State and Local Legislation Bulletin

State and Local Legislation Bulletin
Immigration Reform Law Institute
Issue 32, March 2010


Arizona Senate Passes Major Immigration Legislation

The Virginia General Assembly Passes an E-Verify Bill

E-Verify Bill in Utah Passes

Bills to Count Illegal Alien Students Pending in Arizona and Oklahoma

Idaho Senate State Affairs Committee kills Omnibus E-Verify Bill

Colorado E-Verify Measure Killed

Nebraska Nixes Prenatal-Care State Funding for Illegal Alien Mothers

Ohio Senate Passes Two Bills Regarding Immigration Law Enforcement

IRLI Files Lawmakers Brief in Support of Oklahoma HB 1804

IRLI Footnote on the Law: Suits Against Unfunded Mandates Don't Work


New from the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse, Syracuse University

Criminal Immigration Prosecutions Are Down, But Trends Differ by Offense

Backlog in Immigration Cases Continues to Climb
New Tool Offers Caseload Data by States, Courts and Nationality

Immigration Court Caseload Tool
Pending Cases and Length of Wait in Immigration Courts


Birthright Citizenship for Children of Illegal Aliens: An Irrational Public Policy
By Lino A. Graglia
Texas Review of Law and Politics, Vol. 14, No. 1, Fall 2009


B-Verify: Transforming E-Verify into a Biometric Employment Verification System
Lora L. Ries
Albany Government Law Review, Vol. 3, Issue 1, Spring 2010


Restore Our Border (ROB) Security Plan
Arizona Cattle Growers’ Association, April 5, 2010…


H-1B Visas by the Numbers: 2010 and Beyond
NFAP Policy Brief, March 2010
National Foundation for American Policy


New from the Migration Policy Institute

A Program in Flux: New Priorities and Implementation Challenges for 287(g)
By Cristina Rodríguez, Muzaffar Chishti, Randy Capps, and Laura St. John
Migration Policy Institute, March 2010

Hidden in Plain Sight: Indigenous Migrants, Their Movements, and Their Challenges
By Carlos Yescas
Migration Information Source, March 2010

In Mexico, Mother's Education and Remittances Matter in School Outcomes
By Adam Sawyer
Migration Information Source, March 2010

Climate Change and Migration: Sorting through Complex Issues without the Hype
By Carolina Fritz
Migration Information Source, March 2010

Increasing Evidence That Recession Has Caused Number of Unauthorized Immigrants in US to Drop
By Muzaffar Chishti and Claire Bergeron
Policy Beat, March 15, 2010

MPI Leadership Visions: USCIS Director Alejandro Mayorkas Discusses His Vision for the Agency
Migration Policy Institute, March 22, 2010


New from the Institute for the Study of Labor

Migration and Urban Poverty and Inequality in China
By Albert Park and Dewen Wang
IZA Discussion Paper No. 4877, April 2010

Does Immigration Induce 'Native Flight' from Public Schools? Evidence from a Large Scale Voucher Program
By Christer Gerdes:
IZA Discussion Paper No. 4788, February 2010


New from the National Bureau of Economic Research

Self-Selection and International Migration: New Evidence from Mexico
By Robert Kaestner and Ofer Malamud
NBER Working Paper No. 15765, February 2010


New from the Social Science Research Network

Workers’ Migration and Remittances in Bangladesh
By Hiranya K. Nath, Sam Houston State University and Khawaja A. Mamun, Sacred Heart University
April 19, 2010

Overview of the U Visa: 'Race between Approval and Removal'
By Jean Pierre Espinoza, Stetson University College of Law and
Jung Choi, Stetson University College of Law

Citizenship, in the Immigration Context
By Matthew J. Lister, University of Pennsylvania Law School
April 2010

Asylum in a Different Voice: Judging Immigration Claims and Gender
By Carrie Menkel-Meadow
Georgetown University Law Center; Univ. of California, Irvine School of Law, April 2010

Restructuring Immigration Adjudication
By Stephen H. Legomsky, Washington University School of Law
Duke Law Journal, Vol. 59, pp. 1635-1721, 2010

Multiculturalism Versus Assimilation: Attitudes Towards Immigrants in Western Countries
By Vani K. Borooah, Univ. of Ulster at Jordanstown and John Mangan, University of Queensland
Int'l Journal of Economic Sciences and Applied Research, Vol. 2, No. 2, December 2009

Managing Global Migration: A Strategy for Immigration Policy in Israel
By Shlomo Avineri, Liav Orgad, and Amnon Rubinstein
March 2010

Loving the Alien? Citizenship, Law, and the Future in South Africa’s Demonic Society
By Loren B. Landau
African Affairs, Vol. 109, Issue 435, 2010

When Immigration Borders Move
By Huyen Pham, Texas Wesleyan University School of Law
Florida Law Review, Vol. 61, No. 5, 2009

Immigration as Invasion: Sovereignty, Security, and the Origins of the Federal Immigration Power
By Matthew J. Lindsay
University of Baltimore School of Law
Harvard Civil Rights- Civil Liberties Law Review (CR-CL), Vol. 45, No. 1, Winter 2010

U.S. Immigration Law and the Traditional Nuclear Conception of Family: Toward a Functional Definition of Family that Protects Children's Fundamental Human Rights
By Shani King
University of Florida Levin College of Law
Columbia Human Rights Law Review, Forthcoming

Immigration and the Economic Status of African-American Men
By George J. Borjas, Jeffrey Grogger, and Gordon H. Hanson
Economica, Vol. 77, Issue 306, April 2010

Immigration and Pension Benefits in the Host Country
By Juan A. Lacomba and Francisco Lagos
Economica, Vol. 77, Issue 306, April 2010

Public Support for Private Efforts at Assimilation by Immigrants: The Role of Credit Constraints
By Sajal Lahiri
Southern Illinois University at Carbondale Department of Economics, February 28, 2010

Estimating the Relationship between Immigrant and Native Workers in Australia: A Production Theory Approach
By Jaai Parasnis
Monash University Department of Economics
Australian Economic Papers, Vol. 49, Issue 1, March 2010

Skilled Immigration and Innovation: Evidence from Enrollment Fluctuations in U.S. Doctoral Programs
By Keith E. Maskus, Ahmed Mushfiq Mobarak, and Eric Stuen
CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP7709, February 2010


New from the Immigration Prof Blog

Securing Our Borders: Doing What Works to Ensure Immigration Reform Is Complete and Comprehensive
By Chuck McCutcheon
Center for American Progress, April 2010


CNN Opinion Research Poll
Opinion Research Corporation, March 19-21, 2010
Published April 11, 2010


U.S.C. Lusk Center for Real Estate
Working Papers

Travel Behavior among Latino Immigrants: The Role of Ethnic Neighborhoods and Ethnic Employment By Cathy Yang Liu and Gary Painter

Immigrants and Housing Markets in Mid-size Metropolitan Areas
By Gary Painter and Zhou Yu

Ethnic Enclave Residence & Employment Accessibility of Latino Workers in Chicago, Los Angeles, Washington DC
By Cathy Yang Liu

Immigrants and the Spatial Mismatch Hypothesis: Employment Outcomes Among Immigrant Youth in Los Angeles
By Cathy Yang Liu, Gary Painter, Duan Zhuang

Immigration and Sprawl: Race/Ethnicity, Immigrant Status, and Residential Mobility in Household Location Choice
By Zhou Yu

Does Immigration Induce Urban Sprawl in the U.S. ?
By Zhou YU


Immigrant Legalization: Assessing the Labor Market Effects
By Laura E. Hill, Magnus Lofstrom, and Joseph M. Hayes
Public Policy Institute of California, April 2010


Unregulated Work in Chicago
The Breakdown of Workplace Protections in the Low-Wage Labor Market
By Nik Theodore, Mirabai Auer, Ryan Hollon, and Sandra Morales-Mirque
Center for Urban Economic Development, University of Illinois at Chicago, April 2010…


The New Place of Birth Profile of Los Angeles and California Residents in 2010
By Dowell Myers and John Pitkin
U.S.C. School of Policy Planning and Development, March 2010…


The 287(g) Program
The Costs and Consequences of Local Immigration Enforcement in North Carolina Communities
By Mai Thi Nguyen and Hannah Gill
University of North Carolina, February 2010


The Impact of Immigration Enforcement on Child Welfare
By Wendy Cervantes and Yali Lincroft
First Focus, March 2010


Religion, Values, and Immigration Reform: National Survey and State-­Level Surveys of Ohio and Arkansas
Analysis by Robert P. Jones and Daniel Cox
Public Religion Research Institute, Released March 23, 2010, Updated April 14, 2010…


Making Global Labour Mobility A Catalyst for Development
International Dialogue on Migration No. 12, January 2010

Migration and the Right to Health: A Review of International Law
International Organization for Migration, 2009


Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2009
Statistical overview of asylum applications lodged in Europe and selected non-European countries.
UNHCR, March 23, 2010


Smuggling of Migrants from India to Europe and in Particular to U.K.
A Study on Tamil Nadu
By K.C. Saha
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2009…


OECD Reviews of Migrant Education - DENMARK
By Deborah Nusche, Gregory Wurzburg and Breda Naughton
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, March 2010


New from Canada’s Joint Centre of Excellence for Research on Immigration and Settlement (CERIS)

“We Are Chameleons”: Identity Capital in a Multicultural Workplace
By Mabel Ho and Harald Bauder
CERIS Working Paper Series No. 77, March 2010

Permanently Temporary: Temporary Foreign Workers and Canada’s Changing Attitude to Citizenship and Immigration
Community research symposium, February 4, 2010

Permanently Temporary: Temporary Foreign Workers and Canada’s changing…

Panel 1 – Global Picture, Local Snapshots;…

Panel 2 – Income Security and Labour Responses to Temporary Foreign Workers;…

Panel 3 – Social Service Impacts and Implications;…

Panel 4 – Agency And Organizational Service Delivery Implications;…


Toronto Immigrant Employment Data Initiative -

Does Returning to School After Immigration Affect Labour Market Outcomes for Immigrants?
By John Shields, Mai Phan, Fang Yang, Philip Kelly, Maryse Lemoine, Lucia Lo, Valerie Preston, and Steven Tufts
March 2010

What Are the Labour Market Outcomes for University-Educated Immigrants?
By Valerie Preston, Nina Damsbaek, Philip Kelly, Maryse Lemoine, Lucia Lo, John Shields, and Steven Tufts
March 2010

Are Immigrant Wages Affected by the Source of Job Search Information?
By Tony Fang, Nina Damsbaek, Philip Kelly, Maryse Lemoine, Lucia Lo, Valerie Preston, John Shields, and Steven Tufts
March 2010

Does Self-Reported English and French Speaking Ability Affect Labour Market Outcomes for Immigrants?
By Steven Tufts, Nina Damsbaek, Mai Phan, Philip Kelly, Maryse Lemoine, Lucia Lo, John Shields, and Valerie Preston
February 2010

What Are the Labour Market Outcomes for Immigrants Planning to Work in Regulated and Unregulated Occupations
By Steven Tufts, Maryse Lemoine, Mai Phan, Philip Kelly, Lucia Lo, Valerie Preston, and John Shields
February 2010

Do Iimmigrant Class and Gender Affect Labour Market Outcomes for Immigrants?
By John Shields, Mai Phan, Fang Yang, Philip Kelly, Maryse Lemoine, Lucia Lo, Valerie Preston, and Steven Tufts
January 2010

Are Immigrant Earnings Affected by the Size of Their Employer?
By Tony Fang, Nina Damsbaek, Philip Kelly, Maryse Lemoine, Lucia Lo, Valerie Preston, John Shields, and Steven Tufts
January 2010

How Do Gender and Country of Birth Affect Labour Market Outcomes for Immigrants?
By Valerie Preston, Nina Damsbaek, Philip Kelly, Maryse Lemoine Lucia Lo, John Shields, and Steven Tufts
January 2010

Do Levels of Savings Brought to Canada Affect Labour Market Outcomes for Immigrants?
By John Shields, Maryse Lemoine, Mai Phan, Philip Kelly, Lucia Lo, Valerie Preston, and Steven Tufts
November 2009


Region of Peel Immigration Discussion Papers, February 2010

Social Cohesion, Social Exclusion, Social Capital
By Grace-Edward Galabuzi and Cheryl Teelucksingh

Meeting the Needs of Immigrants Throughout the Life Cycle
By Judith K. Bernhard, Ilene Hyman, and Ellen Tate

From Generation to Generation: Utilizing the Human Capital of Newcomer Parents to Benefit Families
By Sarah V. Wayland and Michelle P. Goldberg

Neighbourhood Patterns and Housing Choices of Immigrants
By Sandeep Kumar Agrawal

Meeting the Human Service Needs of Immigrants
By Sarah V. Wayland


Exploring the Roots of BNP Support
Institute for Public Policy Research, April 2010


Inquiry into recruitment and employment in the meat and poultry processing sector
Report of the findings and recommendations
Equality and Human Rights Commission, April 2010…


The representation of refugees, asylum seekers and immigrants in British newspapers: A critical discourse analysis
By Majid KhosraviNik
Journal of Language and Politics, Vol. 9, No. 1, 2010…


Trapped: The Exploitation of Migrant Workers in Malaysia
Amnesty International, February 2010…


Stronger, simpler, smarter ESOS: supporting international students
Review of the Education Services for Overseas Students (ESOS) Act 2000
Australian Education International, February 2010…


Migrant Remittances Newsletter
Vol. 7 No. 1, April 2010


Stateless and Starving
Persecuted Rohingya Flee Burma and Starve in Bangladesh
Physicians for Human Rights, March 2010…


Immigrant Status and Intention to Leave of Nursing Assistants in U.S. Nursing Homes
By Philip D. Sloane, Christianna S. Williams, and Sheryl Zimmerman
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, Vol. 58, No. 4, April 2010…


How Much Does Immigration Boost Innovation?
By Jennifer Hunt and Marjolaine Gauthier-Loiselle
American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, Vol. 2, No. 2, April 2010…


Journeying Towards Multiculturalism?
The Relationship between Immigrant Christians and Dutch Indigenous Churches
By Martha Th. Frederiks and Nienke Pruiksma
Journal of Religion in Europe, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2010…


True American: Language, Identity, and the Education of Immigrant Children
By Rosemary C. Salomone

Harvard University Press, 320 pp.

Hardcover, ISBN: 0674046528, $25.20

Book Description: How can schools meet the needs of an increasingly diverse population of newcomers? Do bilingual programs help children transition into American life, or do they keep them in a linguistic ghetto? Are immigrants who maintain their native language uninterested in being American, or are they committed to changing what it means to be American?

In this ambitious book, Rosemary Salomone uses the heated debate over how best to educate immigrant children as a way to explore what national identity means in an age of globalization, transnationalism, and dual citizenship. She demolishes popular myths—that bilingualism impedes academic success, that English is under threat in contemporary America, that immigrants are reluctant to learn English, or that the ancestors of today’s assimilated Americans had all to gain and nothing to lose in abandoning their family language.

She lucidly reveals the little-known legislative history of bilingual education, its dizzying range of meanings in different schools, districts, and states, and the difficulty in proving or disproving whether it works—or defining it as a legal right.

In eye-opening comparisons, Salomone suggests that the simultaneous spread of English and the push toward multilingualism in western Europe offer economic and political advantages from which the U.S. could learn. She argues eloquently that multilingualism can and should be part of a meaningful education and responsible national citizenship in a globalized world.


Seeking Asylum: Human Smuggling and Bureaucracy at the Border
By Alison Mountz

Univ Of Minnesota Press, 264 pp.

Hardcover, ISBN: 0816665370, $75.00

Paperback, ISBN: 0816665389, $43.95

Book Description: In July 1999, Canadian authorities intercepted four boats off the coast of British Columbia carrying nearly six hundred Chinese citizens who were being smuggled into Canada. Government officials held the migrants on a Canadian naval base, which it designated a port of entry. As one official later recounted to the author, the Chinese migrants entered a legal limbo, treated as though they were walking through a long tunnel of bureaucracy to reach Canadian soil.

The “long tunnel thesis” is the basis of Alison Mountz’s wide-ranging investigation into the power of states to change the relationship between geography and law as they negotiate border crossings. Mountz draws from many sources to argue that refugee-receiving states capitalize on crises generated by high-profile human smuggling events to implement restrictive measures designed to regulate migration. Whether states view themselves as powerful actors who can successfully exclude outsiders or as vulnerable actors in need of stronger policies to repel potential threats, they end up subverting access to human rights, altering laws, and extending power beyond their own borders.

Using examples from Canada, Australia, and the United States, Mountz demonstrates the centrality of space and place in efforts to control the fate of unwanted migrants.


Moving Millions: How Coyote Capitalism Fuels Global Immigration
By Jeffrey Kaye

Wiley, 320 pp.

Hardcover, ISBN: 047042334X, $18.45

Book Description: On the same day that reporter Jeffrey Kaye visited the Tondo hospital in northwest Manila, members of an employees association wearing hospital uniforms rallied in the outside courtyard demanding pay raises. The nurses at the hospital took home about $261 a month, while in the United States, nurses earn, on average, more than fifteen times that rate of pay. No wonder so many of them leave the Philippines.
Between 2000 and 2007, nearly 78,000 qualified nurses left the Philippines to work abroad, but there's more to it than the pull of better wages: each year the Philippine president hands out Bagong Bayani ("modern-day heroes") awards to the country's "outstanding and exemplary" migrant workers. Migrant labor accounts for the Philippines' second largest source of export revenue—after electronics—and they ship out nurses like another country might export textiles. In 2008, the Philippines was one of the top ranking destination countries for remittances, alongside India ($45 billion), China ($34.5 billion), and Mexico ($26.2 billion).

Nurses in the Philippines, farmers in Senegal, Dominican factory workers in rural Pennsylvania, even Indian software engineers working in California—all are pieces of a larger system Kaye calls "coyote capitalism."

Coyote capitalism is the idea—practiced by many businesses and governments—that people, like other natural resources, are supplies to be shifted around to meet demand. Workers are pushed out, pulled in, and put on the line without consideration of the consequences for economies, communities, or individuals.

With a fresh take on a controversial topic, Moving Millions:

*Knocks down myth after myth about why immigrants come to America and what role they play in the economy

*Challenges the view that immigrants themselves motivate immigration, rather than the policies of businesses and governments in both rich and poor nations

*Finds surprising connections between globalization, economic growth and the convoluted immigration debates taking place in America and other industrialized countries

*Jeffrey Kaye is a freelance journalist and special correspondent for the PBS NewsHour for whom he has reported since 1984, covering immigration, housing, health care, urban politics, and other issues
What does it all add up to? America's approach to importing workers looks from the outside like a patchwork of unnecessary laws and regulations, but the machinery of immigration is actually part of a larger, global system that satisfies the needs of businesses and governments, often at the expense of workers in every nation.


Giovanni Marrozzini: Echi-Emigranti Marchigiani in Argentina
By Giovanna Calvenzi and Giovanni Marrozzini

Damiani, 96 pp.

Hardcover, ISBN: 8862080883, $91.49

Book Description: Photographer Giovanni Marrozzini explores the communities of Italian immigrants in Argentina, in the course of a 30,000-mile journey. Marrozzini's Italians are portrayed in all their economic hardships and daily toil.


Citizenship and Immigration
By Christian Joppke

Polity, 200 pp.

Hardcover, ISBN: 0745642349, $62.95

Paperback, ISBN: 0745642357, $22.95

Book Description: This incisive book provides a succinct overview of the new academic field of citizenship and immigration, as well as presenting a fresh and original argument about changing citizenship in our contemporary human rights era.

Instead of being nationally resilient or in “postnational” decline, citizenship in Western states has continued to evolve, converging on a liberal model of inclusive citizenship with diminished rights implications and increasingly universalistic identities. This convergence is demonstrated through a sustained comparison of developments in North America, Western Europe and Australia. Topics covered in the book include: recent trends in nationality laws; what ethnic diversity does to the welfare state; the decline of multiculturalism accompanied by the continuing rise of antidiscrimination policies; and the new state campaigns to “upgrade” citizenship in the post-2001 period.

Sophisticated and informative, and written in a lively and accessible style, this book will appeal to upper-level students and scholars in sociology, political science, and immigration and citizenship studies.


Citizenship, Identity and the Politics of Multiculturalism: The Rise of Muslim Consciousness
By Nasar Meer

Palgrave Macmillan, 256 pp.

Paperback, ISBN: 0230576664, $85.00

This book proposes a fresh perspective on the emergence of public Muslim identities, traversing issues of Muslim-state engagement across government initiatives and church-state relations, across equalities agendas and the education system, the courts and the media.


Immigrants, Literature and National Integration
By Chantal Lacroix

Palgrave Macmillan, 224 pp.

Hardcover, ISBN: 0230230458, $85.00

Book Description: Immigrants, Literature and National Integration explores new means of facilitating integration. Using the United Kingdom and Germany as case studies, and examining the relation between immigrant literature and integration, this book explores integration in an interdisciplinary fashion across both the humanities and social sciences.


Citizenship Policies in the New Europe: Expanded and Updated Edition
Edited by Rainer Baubock, Bernhard Perchinig, and Wiebke Sievers

Amsterdam University Press, 464 pp.

Paperback, ISBN: 9089641084, $74.50

Book Description: The two most recent expansions to the EU, in May 2004 and January 2007, have had a significant impact on contemporary conceptions of statehood, nation-building, and citizenship within the Union. This volume outlines the citizenship laws in each of the twelve new countries as well as in the accession states of Croatia and Turkey.


Second Promised Land: Migration to Alberta and the Transformation of Canadian Society
By Harry H. Hiller

McGill-Queen's University Press, 512 pp. (hardcover),

Hardcover, ISBN: 0773535179, $100.00

Paperback, ISBN: 0773535268, $29.95, 568 pp.

Book Description: Explosive economic growth in resource-rich Alberta has led to a stunning increase in its population. In contrast to Ontario and British Columbia, which have grown primarily through international migration, Alberta has become a magnet for internal migrants, contributing to population redistribution within Canada, with significant national social and economic consequences. Combining statistical analysis and ethnographic study, Harry Hiller uncovers two waves of in-migration to Alberta. His innovative approach begins with the individual migrant and analyzes the relocation experience from origin to destination. Through interviews with hundreds of migrants, Hiller shows that migration is complex and dynamic, shaped not just by what Alberta offers but also prompted by a process that begins in the region of origin that makes migration possible and helps determine whether migrants stay or return home. By combining a social psychological approach with structural factors such as Alberta's transition from a regional hinterland province to its emerging role the global system, discussions of gender, the internet, and folk culture, "Second Promised Land" provides a multi-dimensional and deeply human account of a contemporary Canadian phenomenon.


Selected Studies in International Migration and Immigrant Incorporation
By Marco Martiniello and Jan Rath

Amsterdam University Press, 640 pp.

Paperback, ISBN: 9089641602, $59.95

Book Description: Over the past decade there have been significant advances in the field of migration and ethnic studies, ranging in topic from ethnic conflict and discrimination to nationalism, citizenship, and integration policy. But many of these studies are oriented towards the United States, slighting, when not outright ignoring, the European perspective. This volume—the first in a set of four—will fill this research gap, gathering essays that have set a benchmark for research on and in Europe.


Immigration and Citizenship in Japan
By Erin Aeran Chung

Cambridge University Press, 224 pp.

Hardcover, ISBN: 0521514045, $75.00

Book Description: Japan is currently the only advanced industrial democracy with a fourth-generation immigrant problem. As other industrialized countries face the challenges of incorporating postwar immigrants, Japan continues to struggle with the incorporation of prewar immigrants and their descendants. Whereas others have focused on international norms, domestic institutions, and recent immigration, this book argues that contemporary immigration and citizenship politics in Japan reflect the strategic interaction between state efforts to control immigration and grassroots movements by multi-generational Korean resident activists to gain rights and recognition specifically as permanently settled foreign residents of Japan. Based on in-depth interviews and fieldwork conducted in Tokyo, Kawasaki, and Osaka, this book aims to further our understanding of democratic inclusion in Japan by analyzing how those who are formally excluded from the political process voice their interests and what factors contribute to the effective representation of those interests in public debate and policy.


Immigration and Self-Government of Minority Nations
Edited by Ricard Zapata-Barrero

Peter Lang Publishing, 177 pp.

Paperback, ISBN: 9052015473, $43.95

Book Description: During the last two decades, the debate on multiculturalism has been one-dimensional. It has deployed arguments related to cultural demands linked either to feminism, immigration, or national minorities. Little attention has been given to the relations between these dimensions, and how they affect each other. The purpose of this book is to set a research agenda around the interaction between cultural demands of immigrants and minority nations.

The primary aim is to establish basic normative arguments while advancing an institutional analysis in three contexts: Quebec, Flanders and Catalonia. Each part contains two chapters that address the topic in terms of how immigration is seen from a self-government perspective, or how self-government is interpreted from an immigration perspective. The different chapters raise questions related to how this interaction challenges the idea of a culturally homogeneous nation-state, and also pushes us to other conceptualisations of *political community* and de-nationalised forms of citizenship. Current debates on diversity have failed to address these issues in societies where a dual belonging exists.


Weapons of Mass Migration: Forced Displacement, Coercion, and Foreign Policy
By Kelly M. Greenhill

Cornell Univ Press, 320 pp.

Hardcover, ISBN: 0801448719, $25.20

Book Description: At first glance, the U.S. decision to escalate the war in Vietnam in the mid-1960s, China's position on North Korea's nuclear program in the late 1990s and early 2000s, and the EU resolution to lift what remained of the arms embargo against Libya in the mid-2000s would appear to share little in common. Yet each of these seemingly unconnected and far-reaching foreign policy decisions resulted at least in part from the exercise of a unique kind of coercion, one predicated on the intentional creation, manipulation, and exploitation of real or threatened mass population movements. In Weapons of Mass Migration, Kelly M. Greenhill offers the first systematic examination of this widely deployed but largely unrecognized instrument of state influence. She shows both how often this unorthodox brand of coercion has been attempted (more than fifty times in the last half century) and how successful it has been (well over half the time). She also tackles the questions of who employs this policy tool, to what ends, and how and why it ever works.

Coercers aim to affect target states' behavior by exploiting the existence of competing political interests and groups, Greenhill argues, and by manipulating the costs or risks imposed on target state populations. This 'coercion by punishment' strategy can be effected in two ways: the first relies on straightforward threats to overwhelm a target's capacity to accommodate a refugee or migrant influx; the second, on a kind of norms-enhanced political blackmail that exploits the existence of legal and normative commitments to those fleeing violence, persecution, or privation. The theory is further illustrated and tested in a variety of case studies from Europe, East Asia, and North America. To help potential targets better respond to--and protect themselves against--this kind of unconventional predation, Weapons of Mass Migration also offers practicable policy recommendations for scholars, government officials, and anyone concerned about the true victims of this kind of coercion--the displaced themselves.


Managing Ethnic Diversity after 9/11: Integration, Security, and Civil Liberties in Transatlantic Perspective
Edited by Ariane Chebel d'Appollonia and Simon Reich

Rutgers University Press, 320 pp.

Hardcover, ISBN: 0813547164, $45.95

Paperback, ISBN: 0813547172, $33.77

Book Description: America's approach to terrorism has focused on traditional national security methods, under the assumption that terrorism's roots are foreign and the solution to greater security lies in conventional practices. Europe offers a different model, with its response to internal terrorism relying on police procedures.

Managing Ethnic Diversity after 9/11 compares these two strategies and considers that both may have engendered greater radicalization--and a greater chance of home-grown terrorism. Essays address how transatlantic countries, including the United Kingdom, the United States, France, Germany, Spain, Italy, and the Netherlands have integrated ethnic minorities, especially Arabs and Muslims, since 9/11. Discussing the "securitization of integration," contributors argue that the neglect of civil integration has challenged the rights of these minorities and has made greater security more remote.


Asian Migration News
Edited by Fabio Baggio and Maruja M.B. Asis
Scalabrini Migration Center, Manila, January 2010



Immigrants found in fridge

Skilled workers still in demand – survey



Debate over new residence permit rages

Barrier against medical insurance of migrants

State Council wants better labor protection



Bangladeshis repatriated due to global recession

Gov’t to give female workers mobile phones

Burmese nationals nabbed



Jakarta pushes Malaysia and Kuwait for better labor rights

Jakarta repatriates workers from the Middle East

Australia-bound asylum-seekers arrested in Indonesia

Egyptian arrested for trafficking



Migrants trapped in Afghanistan



Asylum-seekers intercepted near Christmas Island

Tougher laws result in drop in newly-hired skilled workers

Rejection rates for Indian, Nepali students on the rise


New Zealand sees bigger surge in Chinese immigration

Gov’t agrees to take in 13 Tamil refugees

ID cards to become a must for Kiwis working in UK


Ethnic and Racial Studies
Vol. 33, No. 5, 2010

Selected articles:

Social networks and identity negotiations of religious minority youth in diverse social contexts
By Arniika Kuusisto

Transnational family relationships, social networks and return migration among British-Caribbean young people
By Tracey Reynolds

Enabling and constraining aspects of social capital in migrant families: ethnicity, gender and generation
By Elisabetta Zontini

Care leavers and social capital: understanding and negotiating racial and ethnic identity
By Ravinder Barn

‘True stories from bare times on road’: Developing empowerment, identity and social capital among urban minority ethnic young people in London, UK
By Daniel Briggs


International Migration Review
Vol. 44, No. 1, Spring 2010


Crime Victimization in Latin America and Intentions to Migrate to the United States
By Charles H. Wood, Chris L. Gibson, Ludmila Ribeiro, and Paula Hamsho-Diaz…

Evaluating Migrant Integration: Political Attitudes Across Generations in Europe
By Maxwell, Rahsaan…

Sources of Negative Attitudes toward Immigrants in Europe: A Multi-Level Analysis
By Elisa Rustenbach…

National Narratives and Migration: Discursive Strategies of Inclusion and Exclusion in Jordan and Lebanon
By Laurie A. Brand…

The Effect of Economic Standing, Individual Preferences, and Co-ethnic Resources on Immigrant Residential Clustering
By Eric Fong and Elic Chan…

Household Context, Generational Status, and English Proficiency Among the Children of African Immigrants in the United States
By Kevin J.A. Thomas…

Is it Race, Immigrant Status, or Both? An Analysis of Wage Disparities among Men in the United States
By Quincy Thomas Stewart and Jeffrey C. Dixon…

The Economic Returns of Immigrants' Bonding and Bridging Social Capital: The Case of the Netherlands
By Bram Lancee…

Migration and Development: A Theoretical Perspective
By Hein de Haas…

Latino Immigrants and The Transformation of the US South
By Renée Daamen…


Journal of Refugee Studies
Vol. 23, No. 1, March 2010;


Leaving Mogadishu: Towards a Sociology of Conflict-Related Mobility
By Anna Lindley

Predicting Stress Related to Basic Needs and Safety in Darfur Refugee Camps: A Structural and Social Ecological Analysis
By Andrew Rasmussen and Jeannie Annan

Sedentary Policies and Transnational Relations: A 'Non-sustainable' Case of Return to Bosnia
By Laura Huttunen

The Status of the Asylum-seeking Child in Norway and Denmark: Comparing Discourses, Politics and Practices
By Kathrine Vitus and Hilde Liden

Field Report

The Experiences of Students from Refugee Backgrounds at Universities in Australia: Reflections on the Social, Emotional and Practical Challenges
By Andrew Joyce, Jaya Earnest, Gabriella de Mori, and Genevieve Silvagni


Latino Studies
Vol. 8, No. 1, 2010


In its darkest times, Haiti is still the world's hope, and a mirror of the Latino/a experience
By Suzanne Obole…

The declining symbolic significance of the embargo for South Florida's Cuban Americans
By Chris Girard, Guillermo J. Grenier, and Hugh Gladwin…

Challenging the border patrol, human rights and persistent inequalities: An ethnography of struggle in South Texas
By Stuesse, Angela C…

Violence across borders: Familism, hegemonic masculinity, and self-sacrificing femininity in the lives of Mexican and Peruvian migrants
By M Cristina Alcalde…

Re-conceptualizing the economic incorporation of immigrants: A comparison of the Mexican and Vietnamese
By Shannon Gleeson…

Latin American immigrants in Indianapolis: Perceptions of prejudice and discrimination
By Antonio V Menéndez Alarcón and Katherine B. Novak…

New allies for immigration reform: A Cincinnati story
By Erynn Masi de Casanova…

The farmworkers' journey
By Elaine Levine…

Four generations of Norteños. New research from the cradle of Mexican migration
By Ana María Aragonés…

World War II and Mexican American Civil Rights
By Maggie Rivas-Rodriguez…

Tex[t]-Mex: Seductive hallucinations of the “Mexican” in America
By Louis Mendoza…

Contemporary US Latino/a Literary Criticism
By Juanita Heredia…

Cuba: Idea of a Nation Displaced
By Marta Caminero-Santangelo…


Migration News
Volume 17 No. 2, April 2010


Congress: Immigration Reform?
President Obama mentioned immigration reform in his January 27, 2010 State of the Union speech, saying: "we should continue the work of fixing our broken immigration system - to secure our borders, enforce our laws, and ensure that everyone who plays by the rules can contribute to our economy and enrich our nation."

DHS: Border, Interior, Services
Mexico-US Border. The US is continuing to build fences to deter migrants and vehicles on the Mexico-US border; about 650 miles of fencing along the 2,000-mile border are completed. The fence has cost an average of $4 million a mile.

Unemployment, Projections, H-1B
The unemployment rate fell to 9.7 percent in January 2010, and remained at 9.7 percent in February and March 2010; the rate was 10 percent in in December 2009. The number of unemployed, 15 million in March 2010, included 6.5 million workers without work six months or more, 44 percent of all the jobless. The unemployment rate was higher in 1981-82, but only a quarter of the unemployed then were without a job for six months or more.

Foreign-Born: Numbers and Effects, Health
Foreign-born. The Pew Hispanic Center in January 2010 reported that the US had 38 million foreign-born residents in 2008; they were 12.5 percent of the 304 million US residents. Between 2000 and 2008, the number of foreign-born residents rose by seven million and the number of US-born residents by 16 million.

Canada, Mexico
Canadian Immigration Minister Jason Kenney proposed changes to the Temporary Foreign Worker Program in October 2009. The changes include more more careful checks to ensure that employer job offers are genuine, require foreign workers employed in Canada four years to leave Canada for at least six years before returning, and bar employers who violate TFWP rules from hiring guest workers for two years. Some 70,000 foreign workers were admitted in 2008; an estimated 300,000 foreign workers were employed in Canada sometime in 2009.

Haiti, Ecuador, Jamaica
Haiti. A 7.0 earthquake on January 12, 2010 killed an estimated 230,000 people, left a million people homeless, and destroyed about 20 percent of the buildings in the Haitian capital of Port-au-Prince. The US government halted the deportation of 30,000 Haitians and offered Haitians in the US when the quake struck temporary protected status for 18 months; the TPS application fee is $470. By April 2010, about 43,000 Haitians had applied for TPS; the total was expected to be 75,000 to 100,000.


People and Place
Vol. 17, No. 4, 2009

Selected articles:

Kind or cruel? Labor's asylum and boat people policies
By Adrienne Millbank

Population growth and Australia’s 2020 greenhouse gas emission commitments
By Bob Birrell and Ernest Healy

The new intergenerational report’s population projection and the uncertainty of Australia’s demographic future
By Tom Wilson


Rural Migration News
Volume 16 No. 2, April 2010


Immigration Reform: AgJOBS
AgJOBS. Most farm employers and worker advocates support enactment of the Agricultural Job Opportunities, Benefits and Security Act or AgJOBS, which would legalize unauthorized farm workers and further streamline the H-2A program. Farm employers organized into the Agriculture Coalition for Immigration Reform (ACIR) and the United Farm Workers (UFW) met with USDA Secretary Tom Vilsack to push AgJOBS. They argued that, without a reliable supply of foreign workers, the share of labor-intensive commodities that are imported would rise.

H-2A: Old Rules, Reactions, Cases
DOL on February 12, 2010 issued a final H-2A rule effective March 15, 2010 that reinstates the 1987-2009 rules, with a few twists. The H-2 program was created in 1952 and modified by the Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) in 1986; it became the H-2A program in 1987. In FY09, employers filed 8,150 labor certification applications requesting 103,955 H-2A workers, and DOL certified 94 percent, approving requests for 86,014 H-2A workers.

H-2B: Program, Cases
The Center for Immigration Studies issued a report on the H-2B program in February 2010 that emphasized rapid growth in the number of visas issued, the dominance of large employers and intermediaries in hiring H-2B workers for the maximum 10 months a year, and going-through-the-motions recruitment for US workers. The H-2B program was created by IRCA in 1986, when the previous H-2 program was divided into H-2A for seasonal farm workers and H-2B for seasonal nonfarm workers.

DHS: Border, Interior, Services
Mexico-US Border. The US is continuing to build fences to deter migrants and vehicles on the Mexico-US border; about 650 miles of fencing along the 2,000-mile border are completed. The fence has cost an average of $4 million a mile.

Canada, UK, Australia
The United Food and Commercial Workers (UFCW), Canada's largest private sector union with 250,000 members, was certified to represent 70 Mexican workers admitted under the Seasonal Agricultural Workers Program (SAWP) at Sidhu & Sons Nursery in March 2010. Sidhu argued that, because the nursery employed both SAWP and Canadian workers, a SAWP-only unit was not appropriate.


The Social Contract
Volume 20, No. 2, Winter 2009-2010

Selected articles:

A Note from the Editor: If Jobs are Number One, End Mass Immigration
By Wayne Lutton…

The Economic Case for a Moratorium
By Edwin S. Rubenstein…

Why Import Workers Now?
By Patrick J. Buchanan…

Time for an Immigration Moratorium
By Virgil Goode…

A Timeout on Immigration - A Cost-Effective Jobs Program Obama Overlooked
By Tom Tancredo…

Put Terrorism in Perspective - Fix Immigration with a Moratorium
By Donald A. Collins…

Immigration Enforcement - A Populist Program to Create Jobs
By Bay Buchanan…

The Most Generous Nation in the World... at Giving Jobs Away
By Rob Sanchez…

We Shall Overwhelm - Deciphering Bureau of Labor Statistics Data on Hispanic Workers
By William Buchanan…

Immigration and the Christmas Day Attack - Officials Create Illusions of Safety and Security Leaving Borders Unsecured
By Michael W. Cutler…

The Relationship of Legal to Illegal Immigration
By John Tanton…