"Recent news reports reminded me that all higher education immigration fraud, through the massive F-1 visa program, is divided into three parts:
1. There are the individual students who drop out of legitimate universities to become illegal aliens on their own;
2. There are visa mills which are distinctly illegitimate establishments; they recruit would-be illegal aliens, and, in effect, charge them substantial fees for their F-1 visas; or they operate marginal operations more keyed to profits than to education; and
3. There are more rarely, or more rarely caught, employees of legitimate universities who misuse their positions to facilitate the conversion of legitimate foreign students into illegal aliens."
- David North, CIS Fellow